July 3, 2022

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“These are ambitious and realistic goals”

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At the COP26 conference in Glasgow, Prime Minister Narendra Modi on Monday, November 1, announced that India is committed to achieving carbon neutrality by 2070, thus strengthening its promises to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. What do you think about these commitments? Our correspondent Sebastien Forsyth asked Chandra Bhushan, Director General of the iForest Environmental Research Center (International Forum on Environment, Sustainability and Technology) in New Delhi.

India, the world’s third largest emitter of greenhouse gases, promises to have the capacity to generate 500 gigawatts (GW) of renewable electricity by 2030, as opposed to 450 gigawatts in 2015. Emissions to a point of GDP) 45% compared to 2005, against the 33-35% reported in 2015. India also promises to reduce its carbon emissions by one billion tonnes by 2030.

RFI : How do you respond to these promises?

Chandra Bhushan First, this is a surprising announcement because no one expects India to commit to carbon neutrality and reduce its total emissions by a billion tonnes. And I’m glad the government did. This is the first time that India has made such a commitment to a complete person. Over the next eight years, this represents a decline of about 2.5% in emissions. It doesn’t seem big, but that announcement is significant. This means that India went to COP26 with a very positive desire to deepen cooperation in this matter. In general, these are ambitious and realistic goals.

The renewable capacity of 500 gigawatts of electricity in 2030 is three times higher than it is today. Is it achievable ?

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Yes, it is achievable and if it is achieved, half of the electricity generated and consumed in India will be renewable origin. This is an impressive figure! No country in the world has ever achieved this. India already has plans to build large batteries for energy storage and research into the use of hydrogen. So if we work hard we will achieve this goal.

As 72% of India’s electricity today is generated from coal and almost 80% from fossil fuels, including gas, it will also reduce the intensity of carbon.

read more: The Prime Minister of India inaugurated the Global Solar Transfer Phase

Promise to achieve carbon neutrality by 2070 : The target is not far off ?

The goal is for all nations to work together to achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. China has given ten years more than developed countries, so India has been given ten years more than China. But what is completely unreasonable is that European and North American countries say they will only achieve carbon neutrality by 2050. If it takes them so long, keeping all the wealth they have, how can others expect it? To achieve this global goal by 2050, the United States and Europe must achieve it by 2040, so China can do it by 2050.

Ask: India, which is “addicted” to coal, is undergoing a difficult energy transition

In his speech, Narendra Modi noted that developed countries have not fulfilled their promises regarding funding for energy change for developing countries and the technological exchanges required to achieve it.

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Yes. There is anger in developing countries over this disregard for climate funding, and if they do not take the issue seriously it will soon explode in the face of rich countries. It is good and good that these developed countries are determined to reduce their own emissions, but they also belong to the world capital. So they control the ability of the rest of the world.

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