July 3, 2022

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Plan, Dates, Issues … We tell you about the United Nations Climate Conference

A COP26 to increase speed. As the climate emergency becomes more and more pressing, the international community is gathering in Glasgow (Scotland) from October 31, six years after the Paris Agreement on COP21 and climate change, to intensify its efforts against global warming.

Francinefo summarizes what you need to know about this conference.

When and where does COP occur?

The 26th Conference of the Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change will be held in Glasgow from October 31 to November 12. Discussions will take place on the Scottish Event campus, which will include five conference rooms.

Who will preside over this conference?

The COP is hosted by the United Kingdom. Alok Sharma, who is stepping down as Secretary of State for Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy, is headed to dedicate himself to this task.

What problems ?

Six years after the Paris Agreement, it is not a question of signing a new agreement in Glasgow, but of renewing and improving the “Nationally Fixed Contributions” (NDC), these emissions reduction roadmaps. Presented in the 2015 contract. “The essence of this COP is that the news will be NTC’s announcements. This moment must be dramatized, thus motivating each other to make further progress.”CNRS Research Director at the Center for International and Social Studies and Research (CERIC) France Info Sandrin explains to Malgin-Dubois.

Rich countries, which are historically responsible for global warming through their greenhouse gas emissions, are expected to provide assistance to poorer countries. In 2009, in Copenhagen (Denmark), Developed countries promised These states need to allocate $ 100 billion (86 86 billion) each year to fund change. But this promise has not yet been fulfilled: in 2019, we will have hard-hitting $ 79 billion (68 68 billion). According to the OECD. ‘ONG Oxfam (Link in PDF)The size of this fund is quite different An average of 51 billion euros per year in 2017-2018.

Finally, the challenge is to agree on the final technical details of the Paris Agreement: the new carbon market rules and the transparency framework.

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How many countries are expected ?

The 197 parties – Countries or regional organizations – The signatories to the structural agreement are invited to Glasgow. Among them, the main states of the planet such as the United States, China, India, Brazil, Germany or France, but the European Union, is the only regional organization that has recognized the climate conference.

What is the plan?

On the official page, these ten days will be marked by two highlights of COP. The first will last from November 1 to 2, and heads of state will also be coming to Glasgow for reports, during which they are expected to discuss the respective countries’ new obligations. The second COP will conclude on November 9 and 10, again with speeches by state leaders and the government. The rest of the time will be devoted to exchanges and talks.

In parallel to the official talks, members of associations and civil society will organize a series of events, discussions and conferences. The project is available here This address (In English).